WHEN WAS THE INVENTION OF CINEMA

Sumati Chaubey, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

The credit for the invention of cinema, does not go to any one person. Many inventors have contributed to its development. But it is certain that the birth of the film can be attributed to some extent to the Lumie brothers (France). However, before the Lumie brothers, many scientists like Edison, Maybridge and Freeze Green worked in the field of cinema. The story of the film or cinema begins in 1830.
Many people made such rotating wheels with pictures on them and when they were rotated these pictures seemed to be moving. This was the earliest form of cinema.

After this, the famous American scientist Edison made an instrument called Kineto Scope. To put it in this, he took photographs of different sequenced postures on 158 plates, which were related to a romantic scene.A reel of these pictures printed on the cardboard was made and fitted in this device. Through a round hole, when these pictures passed rapidly one by one in the sight of the viewer, they would have come alive due to the motion and men and women would be seen moving.
In 1880-90, an English photographer named William Freeze Green, living in Bristol, did many experiments on moving pictures. He used celluloid films coated with photosensitive emulsions for the pictures. He got his camera and projector from a firm and went to a park and made a film a few feet long with the camera. When he washed it in his laboratory and saw it on the screen from the film to the projector, he jumped with joy.

On the screen, children, men and women, horses etc. were seen running as if they were real. But William Freeze Green could not immediately get the funds to develop and patent his invention.
Due to increasing financial pressure, he shifted his focus from this cinema projector and started doing other work

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